Ethics code: IR.VUMS.REC.1401.015

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Department of E-learning in Medical Sciences, Smart University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (26 Views)
Background & Objective. The alignment of faculty members' learning style preferences with their teaching methods is a complex issue in education. Understanding these preferences can improve pedagogical approaches and foster a more inclusive learning atmosphere. Hence, this study aimed to investigate the association between learning style preferences and choices of teaching methods among Iranian faculty members.
Material & Methods. A cross-sectional online survey was conducted using the Porsline website from May to July 2022 among faculty members in Iranian Universities in Medical Sciences. Virtual snowball sampling was employed to recruit a total of 526 participants. The VARK questionnaire was translated into Persian and demonstrated high reliability, with a Cronbach's alpha value of 0.94. The final set of data collection tools comprised the translated VARK questionnaire, self-assessment queries related to teaching methods, university resources, and digital media center equipment. Analytical methods embraced descriptive statistics, logistic regression analysis, and chi-square tests for data evaluation.
Result. The study revealed that clinical instructors showed a preference for reading and writing (54%), while basic science educators displayed inclinations towards visual-auditory and reading-writing. The impact of "Gender," "Field," "Learning Style," "Age," and "Professional academic" variables on the dependent variable, "Teaching Method' was explored using chi-square tests and logistic regression. The findings revealed that while there was no significant relationship between the variable "Gender" and 'Teaching Method,' significant associations were found with the variables ʺFieldʺ, learning style, age,” and “Professional academic.” Notably, it was observed that the effect size of “Field,” “Age,” and “Professional academic” on ”Teaching Method” is small, while for ”Learning Style, “ it is medium in magnitude.
Conclusion. The study uncovers a significant correlation between learning styles and teaching methods, suggesting that teachers' choice of teaching methods may be shaped by their personal learning backgrounds.
Article Type : Orginal Research | Subject: Medical Education
Received: 2023/06/5 | Accepted: 2024/05/7

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