Volume 17, Issue 54 (2024)                   JMED 2024, 17(54): 101-110 | Back to browse issues page

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Ohn Mar S, Malhi F S, Bilal H G, Syed Hamid S R, Ali O. Home or abroad? Exploring medical students’ attitudes towards studying and working overseas. JMED 2024; 17 (54) :101-110
URL: http://edujournal.zums.ac.ir/article-1-2044-en.html
1Surgical based Department, Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Kuala Lumpur Royal College of Medicine Perak, Ipoh, Perak, Malaysia.
Abstract:   (1164 Views)
Background & Objective: Cross-border medical student mobility and doctor migration have become global trends. The aim of this study was to explore Malaysian medical students’ attitudes towards studying and working overseas.
Materials & Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among medical students of the academic year 2018–2019 from University Kuala Lumpur, Royal College of Medicine Perak, using a self-administered validated questionnaire that explored their opinions related to encouraging and deterring factors of studying and working overseas and their preferred destination for migration. All 569 students from years 1 to 5 were invited, and 505 completed responses were analyzed.
Results: Financial factors were rated as most relevant for not studying overseas by 81.6% of the respondents, whereas language barriers and racial discrimination were considered less relevant. Doing electives overseas was favored by 68.9%. Regarding the benefits of further study abroad, learning international standards and experiencing diversity are rated as “very important” by 75.4% and 62.7%, respectively. They rated better earning (63.2%) and further learning (30.7%) as the most relevant reasons for doctors working overseas, and family commitment (49.9%), Medical Licensing Examinations (MLE) (38.4%), and loyalty to their home country (34.7%) for not working overseas.  Their most preferred foreign destinations for further study and working are the UK, Ireland, and Australia.
Conclusion: While appreciating the advantages of further study abroad, MLE was considered one of the deterring factors. As a result, consideration should be given to making changes to existing curricula to align with the expected standards of the destined countries.
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Article Type : Orginal Research | Subject: Medical Education
Received: 2023/09/11 | Accepted: 2024/01/5 | Published: 2024/06/13

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