Ethics code: IR.GUMS.REC.1400.101

XML Print


Medical Education Research Center, Education Development Center, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran
Abstract:   (78 Views)
Background & Objective: Educational promotion requires improved designing and enhancement of the quality of education. The present study aimed to compare the oral and maxillofacial medicine course in the undergraduate dental curriculum of Iran and some other countries.

Materials & Methods: In this descriptive comparative study, some dental schools were selected from the United States, Canada, Australia, and Switzerland (one from each country) according to the quacquarelli symonds (QS) ranking. All topics related to oral tissue and systemic diseases with oral manifestations were extracted from the content of the courses offered in the respective dental schools. Additionally, all mentioned topics were gathered from nationwide curricula of dental schools in Iran and the UK. The collected data were analyzed based on Bereday’s comparative method in the following four steps: description, interpretation, juxtaposition, and comparison.

Results: The collected data from each curriculum (description) were analyzed (interpretation), tabulated (juxtaposition), and compared (comparison) to find the similarities and differences. The highest similarity was found in sequence of offered courses between Iran and Pennsylvania dental schools. Differences were mainly related to the sequence of chapter titles in different courses and method of instruction. The Australia’s Queensland dental school had the highest difference with Iran’s curriculum since it does not offer an independent course on oral medicine. Additionally, Iran and Australia’s Queensland dental schools do not have a free discussion course on clinical scenarios.

Conclusion: The method of instruction and diversity of the taught topics are responsible for the differences in educational curricula of different countries regarding the oral medicine course.
  |   |   Full-Text (HTML)  (28 Views)  
Article Type : Orginal Research | Subject: Medical Education
Received: 2022/12/12 | Accepted: 2024/02/28

References
1. Ferullo A, Silk H, Savageau JA. Teaching oral health in U.S. medical schools: results of a national survey. Academic Medicine. 2011; 86(2): 226-30. [DOI]
2. Jin L, Lamster I, Greenspan J, Pitts N, Scully C, Warnakulasuriya S. Global burden of oral diseases: emerging concepts, management and interplay with systemic health. Oral Diseases. 2016; 22(7): 609-19. [DOI]
3. Quick KK. A humanistic environment for dental schools: what are dental students experiencing? Journal of Dental Education. 2014 Dec; 78(12): 1629-35. [DOI]
4. Mighell A, Freeman C, Atkin PA et al. Oral Medicine for undergraduate dental students in the United Kingdom and Ireland—A curriculum. European Journal of Dental Education. 2018; 22(4): e661-e8. [DOI]
5. Giddon DB, Swann B, Donoff RB, Hertzman-Miller R. Dentists as oral physicians: the overlooked primary health care resource. The Journal of Primary Prevention. 2013; 34(4): 279-91. [DOI]
6. Ramirez JH, Arce R, Contreras A. Why must physicians know about oral diseases? Teaching and Learning in Medicine. 2010; 22(2): 148-55. [DOI]
7. Basirat M, Jahandideh Y, Zaker-jafari H R, Kia SJ, Pourhabibi Z. Evaluation of Diagnostic skill of senior dental students of Guilan university of medical sciences about common oral diseases in 2014-2015. Research in Medical Education. 2016; 8(3):1-8. [persian]
8. Borhan‐Mojabi K, Moradi A, Yazdabadi A. Evaluating the degree of knowledge on oral cancer among general practitioners and dentists in Qazvin. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice. 2012 Apr; 18(2): 498-501. [DOI]
9. Donaldson ME, Gadbury‐Amyot CC, Khajotia SS et al. Dental education in a flat world: advocating for increased global collaboration and standardization. Journal of Dental Education. 2008; 72(4): 408-21. [DOI]
10. Bereday GZF. Comparative Method in Education. USA: Holt, Rinehart and Winston; 1964, 7-28.
11. Schulich Medicine and Dentistry. Topics related to oral tissue and systemic diseases with oral manifestations.[online]. Available from: [https://one45.schulich.uwo.ca/webeval/one.php?manager=portfolioExplorer&id=280436]. [Accessed July 8, 2021].
12. University of Pennsylvania. Topics related to oral tissue and systemic diseases with oral manifestations. [online]. Available from: [DMD Curriculum - Penn Dental Medicine (upenn.edu)]. [Accessed July 9, 2021].
13. The University of Queensland. Topics related to oral tissue and systemic diseases with oral manifestations. [online]. Available from: [https://my.uq.edu.au/programs-courses/requirements/program/2367]. [Accessed July 12, 2021].
14. Odell EW, Farthing PM, High A et al. British Society for Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology, UK: minimum curriculum in oral pathology. European Journal of Dental Education. 2004; 8(4): 177-84. [DOI]
15. Macluskey M, Durham J, Cowan G et al. UK national curriculum for undergraduate oral surgery subgroup for teaching of the Association of British Academic Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons. European Journal of Dental Education. 2008; 12(1): 48-58. [DOI]
16. Universität Zürich. Topics related to oral tissue and systemic diseases with oral manifestations. [online]. Available from: [https://www.zzm.uzh.ch/de/studenten/stundenplaene.html]. [Accessed July 16, 2021].
17. Shigli K, Nayak SS, Jirge V, Srinagesh J, Murthy V, Gali S. Current status of gerodontology curriculum in India and other parts of the world: A narrative review. Gerodontology. 2020; 37(2): 110-31 [DOI]
18. Peres MA, Macpherson LM, Weyant RJ et al. Oral diseases: a global public health challenge.The Lancet. 2019; 394(10194): 249-60. [DOI]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA

Send email to the article author


Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.